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                                                        DR. DAN PETERSON

                                                                      1415 SAGE STREET ~ GERING, NEBRASKA 69341 
                                                             
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TYPES OF SUGAR

Sugar beets are grown in our area, we use to grown them on our farm!

     These sugars are virtually all empty calories because few, if any, additional nutrients are provided other and just calories.

     The following are some types of sugars and sweeteners that may be added to foods:

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Sucrose (white, refined table sugar) from sugar cane or sugar beet

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Confectioner's sugar (powdered sugar)

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Brown sugar is sucrose crystals colored with molasses syrup

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Dextrose knows as glucose or corn sugar, made from cornstarch

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Corn sweetener made from the breakdown of cornstarch

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Corn syrup can by abbreviated on a label as HFCS, high fructose corn syrup

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Fructose or levulose is used as a sucrose substitute.  Fructose does not require insulin to get into the liver and body cells

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Fruit juice concentrate is often made from apple juice

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Honey can trigger allergic reactions in some individuals

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Invert sugar or total invert sugar is a mixture of glucose and fructose.  It is sweeter than sucrose and is used in baked goods to prevent food shrinkage

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Maple syrup from the sap of a sugar maple tree

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Molasses is separated from raw sugar during processing.  Darker molasses and blackstrap molasses is superior in providing  small amounts of some vitamins and minerals

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Raw sugar contains many impurities

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Turbinado is partially refined sugar and often called "raw sugar"

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Sugar alcohols are metabolized more slowly than sugar yet are eventually used by the body as sugar: sorbitol, mannitol and xylitol.  These are used in chewing gum because they are not converted into sugar in the mouth

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Nonnutritive sweeteners:

  1. Saccharin is 500x sweeter than sugar

  2. Aspartame is 180 times sweeter than sucrose

  3. Cyclamates are 50 times sweeter than sucrose, use is banned in U.S.

NAMES FOR ADDED SUGARS THAT APPEAR ON FOOD LABELS

A food is likely to be high in sugars if one of these names appears first or second in the ingredient list, or if several names are listed.

Brown sugar
Corn sweetener
Corn syrup
Dextrose
Fructose
Fruit juice concentrate
Glucose
High-fructose corn syrup
Honey

Invert sugar
Lactose
Malt syrup
Maltose
Molasses
Raw sugar
Sucrose
Syrup
Table sugar

Updates

FDA will allow dental health claim for sucralose

By Craig Palmer cited ADA Today

 The U.S. Food and Drug Administration said it will allow a dental health claim for a sweetener used in gum, soft drinks and other food products. and is confined its review to dental caries, the single most common chronic disease of childhood and a disease for which the general U.S. population is at risk.


The FDA proposed a regulatory amendment adding sucralose to a list of sweeteners authorized to make health claims and offered as an illustrative "model health claim" for product labeling: "Frequent eating of foods high in sugars and starches as between-meal snacks can promote tooth decay. Sucralose, the sweetening ingredient used to sweeten this food, unlike sugars, does not promote tooth decay."

Sucralose is a nonnutritive sweetener used as a sugar substitute in conventional foods and dietary supplements. Not all sucralose formulations are eligible for a dental caries health claim.

"We conclude that there is significant scientific agreement that sucralose does not promote dental caries," the FDA said. "Consumption of products containing sucralose, such as gum and soft drinks, can potentially reduce the risk of dental caries."

The notice was posted online in the Federal Register, official record of government regulatory activity.
 

U.S. Sweetener Consumption Trends and Dietary Guidelines

 

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          If you have any questions please e-mail me at: drdpeterson@scottsbluff.net
                                                                                 308-436-3491 Office number

PLEASE NOTE: The information contained herein is intended for educational purposes only.  It is not intended and should not be construed as the delivery of dental/medical care and is not a substitute for personal hands on dental/medical attention, diagnosis or treatment.  Persons requiring diagnosis, treatment, or with specific questions are urged to contact your family dental/health care provider for appropriate care.
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