∑ Work to decrease the number of times you snack
in a day and be aware of how long that food will stay on your teeth
∑ Trying snacking on foods that do not promote tooth decay:
∑ Donít suck on candy or lollipops or try sugar free
∑ Brush after every snack
Be aware of sugar in drinks:
∑ Flavored coffees and teas tastes so good due to their high
∑ Drink them with meals
∑ Use plain flavored coffee/teas and add you own
sweetener or drink
Soft drinks: Soft
drinks represent the single largest source of added sweeteners to our diet! They
account for one-third of all calories we consume from added sweeteners, which
adds up to more than 23 pounds of sugar from soft drinks yearly. Teens drink
twice as much pop as milk. An average 12 ounce can of pop has 9-12 tsps of
sugar. The average 12-19 year old
boy consumes 868 cans of pop/year. Teens get 15 of their 34 teaspoons of sugar a day coming from
pop. The average person consumes 47.4 gallons of pop/year!
This habit promotes tooth decay because it baths our teeth with sugar
water for long periods of time. Try these ideas:
∑ Switch to sugar free pop
∑ Drink water
∑ Drink 100% juice
∑ Try drinking pop with a meal instead of between meals
∑ Brush your teeth BEFORE you consume pop due to itís acid content
NOT after, which weakens the tooth structure causing abrasion and loss of tooth
- Foods high in sugar eaten as part of a meal
cause less harm because more saliva is released during a meal, which helps
wash foods from the mouth and helps lessen the effects of acids.
- Read food labels. A food is likely to be high in sugar if the word sugar
or its other names appear first or second in the ingredient list or if
several types of sugars are listed.
Instead choice those foods that are lower in sugar content
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- Use mouth rinses with fluoride to increase
tooth resistance to decay; they are now recognized as effective for all
8. Sealants on childrenís and adultís cavity free teeth
9. Chew sugarless gum or fibrous fruits and vegetables to promote
saliva flow which helps to
clean your teeth
10. Drink water or milk at meals to help wash sugar off the teeth
and neutralize the effects of sugar
11. Avoid foods high in sugar like candy, non-diet pop, jam, jelly,
syrup or use sugar free
12. Get most of your carbohydrate (sugar) from nature starchy foods
instead of highly processed
13. Visit your dentist every 6 months for a professional cleaning and
14. Eat a balanced diet with a variety of whole grains, fruit,
vegetable, milk and meats.
15. Look for low sugar breakfast cereal with no more than 8 grams of
16. Go easy on adding sugar to food
Brush twice a day with a toothpaste with fluoride to help
strengthen tooth structure to resist decay.
Discover where added sugar comes
Sugar, in moderation, can be part of
healthful diet. It provides energy
and it helps food taste good, but like anything else it can add on pounds and
cause cavities. Remember to enjoy a variety of foods and brush and floss often
so you can keep on getting pleasure from these foods.
eat - about 23 teaspoons of added sugars everyday.
Add up all
those sugars and some people are eating more than half
body weight in sugars every year. More sugars mean more
calories, which means more obesity and more health problems like
diabetes and heart disease.
To determine how much sugar is in a serving, check the nutrition
label for Sugars (listed in grams). Divide the number of grams
by four. For example, in the image below, sugars are listed as
12 g. Divide that by four and you get three teaspoons of sugar
Targeting the tongue's sweet
One elusive goal - and a potentially lucrative one for many food
scientists - is an artificial, low-calorie sweetener that really
tastes like sugar.
There are two receptors on the tongue that react with the
confections we eat to send signals to the brain that produce the
sensation of sweetness.This is the very first paper where
someone has measured the binding of the sweet compound to the
A variety of sweeteners compete for sales in our diet-crazed
society. Aspartame, marketed as Nutrasweet and Equal, remains
the top-selling artificial sweetener in the U.S., with about
half the marketOther top sellers include saccharin (commonly
sold as Sweet'N Low), sucralose (Splenda), and acesulfame
potassium (acesulfame K), which isoften combined with other
low-calorie sweeteners as an additive to foods and beverages.
Sucralose and sugar bonded with both receptors, and sucralose
bonded much more tightly to both of them -
accounting for its sweeter taste. Sucralose bonded 300 times
more effectively to T1R2 and up to five times more effectively
The system consists of bumps on the tongue, called papillae,
that contain taste buds with dozens of taste cells. When the
cells encounter molecules that give off flavors, they trigger a
range of nerve signals to the brain.
A food's taste is determined by the sensations created by the
taste cells and is enhanced by chemicals that create odors
detected by olfactory neurons in the nose.Scientists say humans
can detect five basic tastes: sweet, sour, bitter, salty and
umami, a recently discovered taste created by salty, acidic
compounds such as the flavor enhancer MSG.
It's a myth that different regions of the tongue trigger bitter
and sweet tastes, Munger said. There are a few more bitter taste
receptors on the back of the tongue than elsewhere, but
different types of receptors are scattered everywhere, he said.
The myth is believed to have started with a mistranslation of a
German report on receptors that made its way into U.S.
There are only two known types of sweet receptors, which is why
sweetness may be the most difficult sensation to create on the
tongue. But there are 30 different types of receptors for bitter
Much of what we know about taste receptors also is fairly new.
The receptors themselves weren't discovered until the late
By Dennis O'Brien Sun Reporter Originally published
November 18, 2005
Generation Nutrition Topics Index