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POP, CHILDREN AND OBESITY
Obesity among children has
increase 100% in 14 years!
People who drink 3 or more sugary sodas
62% more dental decay, fillings and tooth loss!
Instead of drinking
milk, juice, water and other nutritious beverages, children are drinking
more soda and as a result they are getting heavier and heavier.
Many people attribute the obesity epidemic of America's youth to their
food choices and lack of physical activity.
A study published in the Lancet medical journal found a soft drink
obesity connection. Experts called the findings enormously
important and attribute the rise in childhood obesity to the consumption
of sweetened drinks.
Soda consumption has increased from 22.2 gallons of cola per person a year
in 1970 to 56 gallons per person a year in 1999-meaning about 14 billion
gallons of soda were consumed in the U.S. that year.~
The prevalence of obesity among children in the
United States increased by 100% between 1980 and 1994.
The soft drink study involved tracking 548 children aged 11 or 12 for two
school years. The researchers monitored how many sweet drinks the
children consumed and changes in their body mass index (BMI).
They found that each sugared soft drink the children consumed each day inched
their BMI up by .18 points. The odds of becoming obese increased significantly
for each additional daily serving of sugar sweetened drink.
The average teenager is getting 20 teaspoons a day of added sugar from
soft drinks alone. Soft drink consumption rates among children have
doubles in the last decade, while milk consumption has decreased. The
phosphoric, citric, tartaric and/or carbonic acid in soda
in now linked to breaking down the tooth enamel around dental sealants, fillings
leading to more extensive dental treatment.
Click here and
play the Sip All Day Get Decay Game
Many parents restrict the amounts of chocolate milk their children consume
due to the amount of sugar it contains. When compared to sweetened
soft drinks that contain 10 1/4 teaspoons per serving, chocolate milk
contains only 4 teaspoons of added sugar.
|8oz. Serving of chocolate milk
||12 oz. Serving of cola
|30% daily value calcium
||0% daily value of calcium
|4% daily value of fat
||0% daily value of fat
|10% daily value of
||14% daily value of carbohydrate
|17% daily value of protein
||0% daily value of protein
|25% daily value vitamin D
||0% daily value of vitamin D
|10% daily value vitamin A
0% daily value of vitamin A
What kids can do to protect their teeth
After drinking soda, kids should rinse
out their mouths with water to wash away excess sugar that bacteria
consumes to create acid
Kids should drink soda from a straw to
reduce sugar-exposure to their teeth
Drink soda from a can, not a bottle
with a replaceable cap, to deter sipping throughout the day, which can
exacerbate acid attacks
Drink milk, sugar-free products or
|1 in 5 or our children today are overweight|
|From 1985 to 1997 school soft drink purchases
increased by 1,200% while milk purchases decreased by 30%.|
|15% of preschool age children consume more than 9oz
of soft drinks.|
|Children that consume more than 9oz of soft drinks
only take in half of the amount of calcium their bodies need.|
|Obesity has nearly tripled for teens in the past 20
have a 70% chance of becoming overweigh or obese adults. |
|Food industry spend $10 billion a year advertising
|The average child sees 10,000 advertisements for
food a year, 95% for fast food, soft drinks, candy and sugared cereals.+|
|The number one source of added sugars is non-diet
|For every additional serving of sugar-sweetened
drinks consumed, there|
is a 60% increase in children's risk of becoming overweight
|The marketing of soft drinks results in 1 in 4 teen
males drinking 2.5|
cans per day and 1 in 4 teen females 2 cans per day (remember the
days of a 6.5 oz bottle, for now we are measuring
in 12 oz cans, but with the new
20 oz bottle )
|Milk is being displaced in our youth - a key time
for bone development|
(92% of bone mass is built during childhood and adolescents)
|Only 13% of girls and 13% of boys 12-19 years meet
recommendations for calcium|
|Soft drink consumption is associated with a three
times greater risk|
of bone fracture among females.
Drinks are Kids’ Top Choice
A Harvard School of Public Health study published in the October 2006
issue of the Journal of the American Dietetic Association
indicates that soft drinks and other sugar-sweetened drinks are the most
common beverages American children buy from school vending machines.
Researchers found that children who eat at fast-food restaurants are
more likely to consume sugar-sweetened drinks.
The study also discovered that there is a connection between sweet
drinks and vending machine products. Kids who bought
sugar-sweetened drinks were more likely to buy a greater number of items
from vending machines.
Ten states enacted a variety of laws, the
strongest of which (AZ) prohibits sale of sugared, carbonated beverages
and all foods of minimal nutritional value on elementary, middle and
junior high school campuses. ADA 1/06
Childhood Obesity + Pediatric
About 15% of children and adolescents
ages 6-19 are obese. Pediatric dentists have an
important role in fighting the rapid increase in
childhood obesity. They must also heighten their staff's
awareness by relying on the recently adopted American
Academy of Pediatric Dentistry Policy on Dietary
Recommendations for Infants, Children and Adolescents.
The policy suggests that "the first three years of
life may lay the groundwork for obesity," and that
dentists bear responsibility for educating parents.
Learn more at
(Source: July/Aug 2005 Pediatric Dentistry)
CHOICES OF ADOLESCENTS ATTENDING A NATIONAL YOUTH
Adolescent dietary choices have a significant impact on growth and
development and the individual's overall general health. A voluntary
survey was administered to 227 10-16 year olds (120 boys and 107
girls) attending an NYSP summer session in Vermillion, South Dakota to
evaluate their daily fluid consumption choices. Of the
respondents, 55.5% stated they had consumed at least one can/bottle of
sugared soda daily and
17.6% admitted to drinking at least 2-3 cans/bottles of soda daily.
33.9% stated they consume at least one sports drink daily with 24.2%
indicating they don't drink sports drinks. 48.4% of the survey
participants indicated they drank at least 2 bottles of water daily
reflecting a shift from fluoridated tap water. Of the adolescents
surveyed, 61.2% responded they drank 2 glasses of milk or less daily.
Finally, 70.9% of the respondents admitted drinking at least one glass
of juice daily. The results of this research illustrate the fluid
consumption choices made by the children/adolescents participating in
our survey including the consumption of significant
amounts simple carbohydrates in the form of sugared soda, sports drinks
and juices. A great number of respondents aren't consuming the
recommended three glasses of milk daily increasing the possibility of
developing a calcium deficiency. Finally, the survey group is
increasingly consuming non-fluoridated bottled water in place of
fluoridated tap water. This research identifies some of the
contributory factors of childhood obesity, adolescent osteoporosis, and
the continuing problem of dental decay in this population.
Donal D. Scheidel, DDS Robert Nelson, RDH, MPApresented
ADHA Annual Session 2004
(Reuters) – Fizzy drinks are the major cause of tooth erosion in
British teenagers, researchers said (recently).
The sodas and pop drunk by up to 92% of UK 14-year-olds wear away
the enamel protective coating on the teeth.
Dental erosion weakens teeth and can cause thinning or
chipping of the tooth edges.
research identifies fizzy drink as by far the biggest factor in causing
dental erosion among teenagers.
four or more glasses of fizzy drinks a day raises a 12-year-old’s
chances of suffering tooth erosion by 252%.
Heavy consumption in 14-year-olds increased the risk to 513%,
according to research published in the British Dental Journal.
tooth decay, which results from high levels of sugar, erosion is
caused by acidic substances in the drinks.
Even diet versions are harmful.
Drinking milk (or) water instead reduces the risk.
is a growing problem yet many parents don’t understand the
difference between decay and erosion, parents need to understand…it is
the acidity of certain products that cause erosion.
you dissolve carbon dioxide into water you get two things.
One is lots of satisfying bubbles.
The other is the formation of carbonic acid.
When many soda manufacturers add phosphoric acid to their
products, you get a double whammy;
this is the same acid that dentists use to microscopically
or roughen tooth enamel when we bond tooth-colored plastics to teeth.
If the tooth structure is etched
repeatedly by acids without being covered or replaced
by bonded plastic, more and more tooth structure gets removed.
pH of most sodas is around 2.0 to 3.0.
That is extremely acidic.)
Smart Practice 2003
Sip All Day Get
Decay interactive website for teens about pop and decay, click on
the Sip All Day icon on the upper right side of the page.
+NDA pg 12 11/03
USDA/ERS, Trends in the US Food Supply. In Frazao E (Ed.) America's
Habits: Changes and Consequences.
Source: Nutrition Edition March 2001,
Vol 3 Issue 1
February 06, 2008
~Dentalnotes, Schools' long-term soda deals kick kids in
the teeth, Summer 2001
Nutrition Topics Index