- Serve meals attractively, using a variety of
foods with different flavors, colors, shapes, temperatures,
textures and smell.
- Use a variety of herbs and spices to enhance the
flavor of the food (but be moderate in the use of salt)
- Serve the meal as if you were in a nice
- Try a variety of new foods.
- Bring in friends and family members as often as
possible to improve the social setting of the meal.
- Stimulate your appetite with a walk (if possible)
before the meal.
- Use nutrient-dense foods as the basis of the
- If you have a physical handicap that limits
normal eating movements, simplify the tasks and eliminate wasted
motions. For example, cut the food ahead of time for easy feeding,
use utensils with deep sides or handles that can be easily
grasped, and purchase special utensils if needed.
- If poor dentition limits normal food intake,
chop, grind, or blend foods that are hard to chew. Mash or strain
cooked vegetables or fruit, shred raw vegetables, remove tough
skin or seeds, substitute softer, protein rich foods such as
peanut butter, cheese, baked beans, or yogurt for regular meat.
Prepare soups, stews, cooked whole-grain cereals, and casseroles.
- Shop for 1 week at a time, favoring
single-serving type purchases where feasible. Clear unused
leftovers out of the refrigerator every other week.
- Cooking and storing-Help with cooking batches of
several favorite foods. Package portions like TV dinners for later
use. For example, a meal tray might include servings of meatloaf,
macaroni-and-cheese and green beans.
- The freezer-Date packages in large letters with
marking pens. Move older packages forward as you add new items.
- Using an oven timer-For someone who is getting
forgetful but still likes to cook try a portable timer.
- Jar and bottle opening help-If hand strength and
dexterity are a problem, you can try gripper pads, cap poppers and
other useful gadgets (contact your local chapter of Arthritis
- Equipment check-Make sure the refrigerator (safe
at 40 degrees Fahrenheit) and freezer (safe at 0 degrees
Fahrenheit) are running properly
Compliments of the Webdietitian
A well balanced diet –one that contains a wide
variety of foods –provides all the necessary nutrients. A well
balanced diet should include:
|at least two servings of milk or dairy products
such as cheese, cottage cheese, or yogurt|
|two servings of protein-rich foods such as lean
meat, poultry, fish eggs, beans, nuts, or peanut butter|
|four servings of fruits and vegetables, including
a citrus fruit or juice and a dark green leafy vegetable|
|four servings of breads and cereal products (made
with whole grain or enriched flours), rice or pasta.|
Vitamin C Needs
The elderly are prone to vitamin C deficiency because
of dietary habits.1
They also appear to have a higher requirement for vitamin C, although
the evidence is inconsistent.The RDA for those over 70 years of age is
the same as for young adults (75 mg for women and 90 mg for men).
Oxidative processes have been implicated in aging and it has been
proposed antioxidants may have beneficial effects on mental functions in
the elderly. The Journal of Contemporary Dental
Practice Vol. 5, No. 2, Page1-13 6/04
Depression and The Elderly
National Institute on Aging
Phone: (301) 496-1752 or (800) 222-2225 (Information Center)
Internet Address: http://www.nih.gov/nia/
National Aging Information Center
Phone: (202) 619-7501
Internet Address: http://www.aoa.dhhs.gov/naic/
National Council on Aging
Phone: (202) 497-1200
Internet Address: http://www.ncoa.org/
February 06, 2008
Nutrition Topics Index