Researchers compared the gingival and periodontal
status premenopausal women between the ages of 20 to 50 years at
different time points of their menstrual cycles. The time points
were ovulation, premenstruation and menstruation. During the
examination, researchers measured plaque index, gingival index, probing
depth, gingival recession and clinical attachment level. Gingival
inflammation was lower during menstruation than during ovulation and
premenstruation. This may be attributed to the hormone known
as serum estradiol, which is a natural form of estrogen that peaks and
drops during ovulation and premenstruation.
Patients should remember the importance of telling
their dental professionals about what is going on in their bodies including
any prescription or over-the-counter medications they are taking.
This way dental professionals can explain any effects it has on
Up To Top
The Effect of Menopause,
Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT), Alendronate (ALN), and
Calcium Supplements on Saliva.
Purpose: In menopausal women many physiological changes take
place, most of which are due to decreased estrogen production. It
is known estrogen influences oral health in a number of ways and
variations depending upon the levels of this hormone.
The most significant oral discomfort in women in the menopausal
period was oral dryness, and this symptom was relieved after HRT with
ALN and calcium supplements. The oral status of the
non-menopausal women was better than the women in menopause.
The salivary flow rate was decreased in the menopausal period
and increased after HRT, ALN, and calcium supplementation. The
values were not affected by menopause and HRT with ALN and calcium
supplementation. The level of Na+ was increased with menopause
and did not change with HRT supplemented with ALN and calcium,
the K+ level decreased in the menopausal period and remained
constant after HRT with ALN and calcium. The Cl¯level was not
affected by menopause and the HRT supplemented with ALN and calcium.
level was not different in the two groups of women and did not change
after HRT supplemented with ALN and calcium.
Citation: Yalcin F, Gurgan S, Gurgan
T. The Effect of Menopause, Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT),
Alendronate (ALN), and Calcium Supplements on Saliva. J Contemp
Dent Pract 2005 May;(6)2:010-017.
Effect of Menstrual Cycle on Periodontal Health
The Fluctuation in estrogen/progesterone levels has
been shown to affect the periodontium. Many women report
an increase in gingival inflammation and discomfort associated with
their menstrual cycle, most commonly around the menses period. The
purpose of this study was to compare the periodontal status of
premenopausal women at different times during their menstrual cycle.
Several women in this study reported appreciable oral symptoms just
before or during menses. We observed changes in gingival scores during
the menstrual cycles of periodontally healthy women.
[Machtei EE, Mahler D, Sanduri H, Peled M
The Effect of Menstrual Cycle on = Periodontal Health J Periodontol
February 06, 2008